Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Production and processing of U.S. tar sands : an environmental assessment /
Author Frazier, N. A. ; Hissong, D. W. ; Ballantyne, W. E. ; Mazey., E. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Frazier, N. A.
CORP Author Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA 600-7-76-035; EPA-68-02-1323
Stock Number PB-266 266
OCLC Number 977535360
Subjects Oil sands--Environmental aspects--United States
Additional Subjects Tars ; Bituminous sands ; Oil sands ; Mining ; Environmental impacts ; Crude oil ; Synthetic fuels ; Solid waste disposal ; Combustion products ; Surface mining ; Geology ; Hydrocarbons ; Petroleum refining ; Extraction ; Reserves ; Utah
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-76-035 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 11/13/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-7-76-035 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/15/2014
ERAD  EPA-600/7-76-035 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 04/27/2016
ESAD  EPA 600-7-76-035 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-266 266 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vii, 84 pages : illustrations, 1 map ; 28 cm.
Factors traceable to the increasing shortfall in U.S. production of natural crude have rekindled interests in U.S. tar sands as a source of synthetic fuel. Reported here are the results of a preliminary study to assess the potential primary environmental impacts of production and processing of U.S. tar sands bitumen. With the possible exception attributable to chemical differences between tar sand bitumen and coal, potential environmental impacts of producing tar sands by mining methods would be similar in type to those of mining coal by the same method and in the same area as the tar sand deposit. Processes for extracting bitumen from the mined tar sand would generate solid waste in the form of spent sand. Constituents and quantities of emissions to air and water are process dependent but existing control technology and good environmental practices are technically applicable. A viable in situ production technology for producing tar sand reservoirs has not yet been demonstrated. On the basis of methods tested to date, potential environmental impacts of producing tar sands by in situ methods would be very similar to those of conventional oil field production. Technical and economic factors will determine if in situ methods, or possibly underground methods, are an alternative to surface mining in environmentally sensitive areas.
"December 1976." "Contract Number 68-02-1323." Includes bibliographical references (pages 72-75).