Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Ultrasonic emulsification of oil tanker cargo : feasibility study using an ultrasonic process to emulsify petroleum to reduce oil slick hazards in event of spillage at sea /
CORP Author Sonics International, Inc.
Publisher Federal Water Pollution Control Administration, Dept. of the Interior,
Year Published 1970
Report Number EPA 950-R-70-009; 15080 DJQ 04/70; 07996,
Stock Number PB-192 633
OCLC Number 23472399
Subjects Oil spills--Cleanup--Technological innovations ; Emulsions ; Ultrasonics
Additional Subjects ( Petroleum ; Colloids) ; ( Oil ; Water pollution) ; ( Tankers ; Petroleum) ; Fishes ; Costs ; Ultrasonic radiation ; Safety ; Films ; Toxicity ; Oils pollution ; Oil slicks ; Emulsification ; Water pollution control equipment ; Dispersing
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 950-R-70-009 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/12/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 950-R-70-009 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD RPS EPA 950-R-70-009 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/16/2018
ERAD  EPA 950/R-70-009 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/26/2013
NTIS  PB-192 633 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xi, 164 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The purpose of this project was to study the feasibility of producing emulsified oil at a rate comparable with conventional tanker loading rates and to investigate the economic and ecological factors. To determine blender design parameters and emulsified oil characteristics, two crude oils and one fuel oil were chosen. A Libyan light oil, a Venezuelan oil and no. 6 Fuel Oil were used. Only two emulsifiers were used and they were base-neutralized sulfonated nonionics. These are compatible with sea water and of low toxicity. The emulsions tested were oil-in-water. Oil was the internal phase and 97% of the total. Water and chemical was the external phase and 3% of the total. The tests on the emulsions were to determine: stability under simulated transportation conditions, dispersibility in sea water, toxicity to fish, and product alteration. Included were tests with safety aspects: evaporation rates, flash points, vapor pressures and rupture leak tests. An economic study was made which shows emulsification costs of about 20 cents per barrel without considering possible offsets or side benefits. (Author)
"April, 1970." "This report was submitted in fulfillment of Contract 14-12-559 between the Federal Water Pollution Control Administration and Sonics International, Inc."--Page iii Contract Number: Contract 14-12-559 Includes bibliographical references (pages 127 and 130-131).