Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Organic wastes as a means of accelerating recovery of acid strip-mine lakes /
Author King, Darrell L. ; Kin, Darrell L. ; Simmle, Joseph J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Simmler, Joseph J.
CORP Author Missouri Water Resources Research Center, Columbia.
Publisher Missouri Water Resources Center, University of Missouri,
Year Published 1973
Report Number PB-219 264
Stock Number PB-219 264
OCLC Number 16897647
Subjects Acid mine drainage. ; Water--Pollution. ; Acid pollution of rivers, lakes, etc. ; Organic wastes.
Additional Subjects ( Water pollution ; Mine waters) ; ( Strip mining ; Water pollution) ; ( Mine water ; Neutralizing) ; pH ; Iron oxides ; Aluminum ; Hydrogen ; Manganese ; Calcium ; Magnesium ; Sulfates ; Sulfate reducing bacteria ; Lakes ; Sewage ; Pyrite ; Clays ; Anaerobic conditions ; Metals ; Buffers(Chemistry) ; Organic wastes ; Water chemistry ; Mine acid drainage ; Water pollution control
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ESAD  PB-219 264 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 07/29/2005
NTIS  PB-219 264 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 65 leaves : illustrations ; 28 cm
The study determines the role of metals in the natural and accelerated recovery of strip-mine waters from the time of acid formation on the pyrite crystal to the time of lake recovery. A host of acid dissociated ionic species, including iron, sulfate, hydrogen, aluminum, manganese, calcium, and magnesium, and allochthonous organic materials characterize the chemistry of these lakes. The metal buffers are responsible for the long natural recovery times associated with all acid strip-mine lakes. The amount of such buffers depends upon the amount and type of clays and minerals dissolved on the spoil banks. The recovery rate of such lakes is dependent on the availability of carbon sources for sulfate reducing bacteria to use as food while they 'titrate' the acidity by releasing H2S to the atmosphere until all buffers are exhausted.
Project no. A-038-Mo., July 1, 1970 - June 30, 1972, completion report. Supported by the U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Office of Water Resources Research, as authorized under the Water Resources Research Act of 1964. "February 20, 1973." Includes bibliographical references.