||Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, Mass.;Transportation Systems Center, Cambridge, Mass.;Environmental Protection Agency, Ann Arbor, Mich.
A study was conducted to determine potential improvements in automobile fuel consumption based on innovative design and components. Standard and compact-size reference vehicles were selected, and a study of how power is used was conducted. Obvious technological innovations (e.g., powerplants (such as spark-ignited, turbocharged, stratified charge, electronic fuel injected, and diesel), transmission and drive train systems, tires, accessories and auxiliaries, aerodynamics, and weight) that would save on fuel consumption were identified and evaluated, and then screened against program constraints. Operation of reference vehicles equipped with innovative components or redesigned was computer-simulated to predict fuel usage and performance. Techniques to measure fuel economy performance were also developed, and a statistical evaluation of published driving modes was performed. Compliance of innovative components with constraints (such as emissions and safety) and user requirements was determined. Optimized synthesized standard and compact-size vehicles were simulated and total systems evaluation of each vehicle was performed on the basis of fuel usage, performance, technical compatibility, compliance with constraints, user acceptability, and manufacturer adaptability. Synthesized vehicles were ranked in accordance with study objectives, and conclusions and recommendations on designs were drawn. Program plans for synthesized vehicles were also selected.