Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Economic assessment of backfitting power plants with closed-cycle cooling systems /
Author Giaquinta, A. R. ; Croley, II, T. E. ; Patel, V. C. ; Melville, J. G. ; Cheng., M. S.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Giaquinta, A. R.
CORP Author Iowa Inst. of Hydraulic Research, Iowa City.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA 600-2-76-050; EPA-68-03-0430; EPA-ROAP-21AZU-019
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 03825181
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Cooling ponds ; Electric power-plants ; Electric power plants--Cooling
Additional Subjects Electric power plants ; Closed cycle systems ; Air pollution control ; Mechanical draft cooling towers ; Natural draft cooling towers ; Cooling ponds ; Economic analysis ; Cost analysis ; Capitalized costs ; Operating costs ; Construction costs ; Mathematical models ; Computerized simulation ; Computer programs ; Thermodynamics ; FORTRAN ; Retrofitting ; Spray canals ; Spray cooling
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-050 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/06/2020
EKBD  EPA-600/2-76-050 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/20/2003
ERAD  EPA 600/2-76-050 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/11/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-050 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-251 189 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xiii, 371 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
The report gives in detail a method for assessing the economic consequences of backfitting electric power plants (currently operating on open-cycle or once-through cooling systems) with conventional closed-cycle cooling systems. Four types of closed-cycle systems were investigated: mechanical- and natural-draft crossflow wet cooling towers, cooling ponds, and spray canals. To estimate operational penalties associated with backfitting, thermodynamic models were used to reproduce the operating characteristics of different types of turbines, condensers, and cooling systems. Capital and operating cost information was compiled and used, in conjunction with the levelized annual cost accounting method, to evaluate the total differential cost of power production resulting from the backfit. Computer programs were developed and are presented.
"EPA 600-2-76-050 ." Prepared under Contract No. 68-03-0430, ROAP No. 21AZU-019, Program Element No. 1BB392. "March 1976." Cover title. Includes bibliographical references (pages 273-278).