Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Water-related environmental effects in fuel conversion /
Author Gold, Harris. ; Goldstein, David J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Goldstein, David J.
CORP Author United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development.; United States. Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.); Water Purification Associates.
Publisher The Office ; Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/7-78-197b; EPA-68-03-2207
Stock Number PB-288 874
OCLC Number 07054627
Subjects Synthetic fuels industry--Water-supply ; Synthetic fuels industry--Environmental aspects ; Synthetic fuels industry--Environmental aspects ; Synthetic fuels industry--Water-supply
Additional Subjects Synthetic fuels industry--Water-supply ; Synthetic fuels industry--Environmental aspects ; Water pollution control ; Coal gasification ; Oil shale ; Water consumption ; Tables(Data) ; Process charting ; Cost analysis ; Comparison ; Performance evaluation ; Energy consumption ; Sites ; Industrial plants ; Coal liquefaction ; Water costs ; Water quality ; Numerical solutions ; Solvent refined coal ; Synthoil process ; Hygas process ; Synthane process ; Lurgi process
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA 600/7-78-197b OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 01/01/1988
EKBD  EPA-600/7-78-197b Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/25/2000
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-78-197b Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-7-78-197b AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/25/1998
ESAD  EPA 600-7-78-197B Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-288 874 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of an examination of water-related effects that can be expected from siting conversion plants in the major U.S. coal and oil shale bearing regions. Ninety plant-site combinations were studied: 48 in the Central and Eastern U.S. and 42 in the Western. Synthetic fuel technologies examined include: coal gasification to convert coal to pipeline gas; coal liquefaction to convert coal to low sulfur fuel oil; coal refining to produce a de-ashed, low-sulfur solvent refined (clean) coal; and oil shale retorting to produce synthetic crude. Results presented include the range of water requirements, conditions for narrowing the range and optimizing the use of water, ranges of residual solid wastes, and cost and energy requirements for wastewater treatment. A comparison of water requirements with those of two recently published studies shows widely varying estimates and emphasizes the need for both site- and design-specific calculations. A review of various combinations of cooling requirements indicates a factor of 4 difference in water consumption across all processes studied. Where water costs < 25 cents/1000 gal, a high degree of wet cooling appears best. If > $1.50/1000 gal, a minimum of wet cooling should be considered. Between these, a more balanced mix needs to be reviewed. All water requirements of this study are based on complete water re-use; i.e., no direct water discharge to streams or rivers.
"Water Purification Associates." "October 1978." Includes bibliographical references. "Contract no. 68-03-2207."
Contents Notes
v. 2. Appendices.