Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Use of Sodium Sulfate Separated from Agricultural Drainage Water in Glass Making. Final Report.
Author P. Thy ; B. M. Jenkins
CORP Author California Univ., Davis. Dept. of Geology.; California Univ., Davis. Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering.; California State Dept. of Water Resources, Sacramento.
Year Published 2006
Stock Number PB2012-100901
Additional Subjects Sodium sulfates ; Drainage systems ; Glass making ; Calcium carbonates ; Salts ; Evaporation ; Thermodynamics ; Chemical composition ; Separation processes ; Agricultural engineering ; Crystallization
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2012-100901 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 75p
Industrial container and flat glasses are typically made using sodium carbonate as a source for sodium with the other components being quartz sand and calcite (calcium carbonate). We have investigated the effects of substituting natural and synthetic sodium sulfate for sodium carbonate in a typical soda-lime glass recipe. The principal motivation has been to utilize sodium sulfate and other salts separated from agricultural drainage water in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Two sources of salt were used in the experiments and modeling described here: 1) a natural evaporation pond salt composed of 85% (by weight) of thenardite and minor amounts of blodite, and halite, and 2) a purified sodium sulfate separated from agricultural drainage water using a pilot solar concentration and salt crystallization system.