Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Predation of a Spawning Atherinid Fish, 'Menidia menidia', by Avian and Aquatic Predators.
Author Takita, T. ; Middaugh, D. P. ; Dean, J. M. ;
CORP Author South Carolina Univ., Columbia. Belle W. Baruch Inst. for Marine Biology and Coastal Research. ;Nagasaki Univ. (Japan).;Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Year Published 1984
Report Number CONTRIB-531; EPA/600/J-84/266;
Stock Number PB85-193043
Additional Subjects Marine fishes ; Birds ; Estuaries ; Flight ; Observation ; Food habits ; Animal migrations ; Animal behavior ; Florida ; Menidia menidia ; Atlantic silverside fish ; Predation ; Egretta thula ; Snowy egrets ; Casmerodius albus ; Great egrets
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB85-193043 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 10p
Predation of Atlantic silversides was observed during spawning runs in the intertidal zone of the North Edisto River estuary, South Carolina. Snowy egrets, Egretta thula, and Great egrets, Casmerodius albus, were the dominant avian predators. Snowy egrets often caught M. menidia while making frequent low flights, and also while wading at the water's edge. Individual Snowy egrets remained unsatiated after consuming up to 21 M. menidia. Great egrets always struck at M. menidia from a standing position. One individual was satiated after consuming 114 M. menidia in approximately 90 minutes.