||Application of Adenine Nucleotide Measurements for the Evaluation of Stress in 'Mytilus edulis' and 'Crassostrea virginica'.
Zaroogian, G. E. ;
Gentile, J. H. ;
Heltshe, J. F. ;
Johnson, M. ;
Ivanovici, A. M. ;
||Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI.
Adenosine phosphates ;
Water pollution ;
Mytilus edulis ;
Crassostrea virginica ;
Water pollution effects(Animals) ;
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After 10 weeks treatment with 10 micrograms Ni/kg seawater, the concentration of ATP in Mytilus edulis adductor muscles was significently less than that in muscles from control and 5 micrograms Ni/kg treated mussels. Mussels sampled in August after exposure for 12 weeks to polluted and unpolluted waters had significantly lower AEC, ATP/ADP and ATP/AMP ratios than those sampled in May from the same locations. The percentage composition of the individual adenine nucleotides in the adenylate pool appears to be directly related to the amount of stress in Mytilus edulis and Crassostrea virginica. The degree of change in AEC which constitutes a significant biological effect remains to be established.