Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Evaluation of septic tank system effects on ground water quality /
Author Canter, Larry W. ; Knox, R. C.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Knox, Robert C.
CORP Author National Center for Ground Water Research, Norman, OK.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Publisher Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA 600-2-84-107
Stock Number PB84-244441
OCLC Number 11420905
Subjects Septic tanks ; Groundwater--Pollution ; Water, Underground--Pollution
Additional Subjects Ground water ; Septic tanks ; Water pollution ; Reviews ; Design ; Service life ; Mathematical models ; Waste water ; Water flow ; Subsurface drainage ; Organic compounds ; Percolation ; Path of pollutants
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-84-107 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
EMBD  EPA/600/2-84/107 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 10/27/1995
NTIS  PB84-244441 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm.
This study summarizes literature concerning the types and mechanisms of ground-water pollution from septic tank systems and provides information on methodologies for evaluating the ground water pollution potential. The conclusions are: (1) septic tank systems represent a significant source of ground-water pollution in the United States since many systems are exceeding their design life, the usage of synthetic organic chemicals in the household is increasing, and larger-scale systems are being designed and used; (2) a key issue is related to understanding the transport and fate of system effluents in the subsurface environment; (3) no specific technical methodology exists for evaluating ground water effects of septic tank systems, however, application of two empirical assessment methodologies (surface impoundment assessment and waste-soil-site interaction matrix) adjusted for annual wastewater flow and analytical method for determining water table rise, and a solute-transport model for ground water flow and pollutant concentrations has met with some success.
Includes bibliographical references. Cooperative agreement no. CR-806931. "EPA 600-2-84-107." "June 1984." Cover title.