Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Toxicity of Textile Mill Effluents to Freshwater and Estuarine Algae, Crustaceans and Fishes.
Author Walsh, Gerald E. ; Bahner, Lowell H. ; Horning, William B. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-600/J-80-023 ;CONTRIB-388;
Stock Number PB80-197841
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Waste water ; Textile industry ; Industrial plants ; Fresh water biology ; Estuaries ; Algae ; Fishes ; Crustacea ; Shellfish ; Concentration(Biology) ; Water pollution ; Reprints ; Toxic substances ; Selenastrum capricornutum ; Daphnia pulex ; Pimephales promelus ; Skeletonema costatum ; Palaemonetes pugio ; Cyprinodon variegatus ; Water pollution effects(Animals)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB80-197841 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 13p
The toxicity of secondary waste effluents from textile manufacturing plants was determined with freshwater (Selenastrum capricornutum, Daphnia pulex, Pimephales promelus) and estuarine (Skeletonema costatum, Palaemonetes pugio, Cyprinodon variegatus) organisms. Daphnia pulex was generally the most sensitive animal, but no animal responded to all wastes. Growth of the algae S. capricornutum and S. costatum was affected by all wastes, through either inhibition or stimulation. Some wastes were stimulatory to S. costatum at low concentrations (<1%) but inhibitory at high concentrations (>50%). The concentration of waste that stimulated growth of S. costatum by 20% compared with controls (SC20) was calculated and used with EC50 values for the survival of D. pulex to estimate the potential impact of the wastes in relation to volume of discharge.