Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Examining the Temporal Variability of Ammonia and Nitric Oxide Emissions from Agricultural Processes.
Author Pierce, T. E. ; Bender, L. W. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. National Exposure Research Lab. ;Dyntel Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Research Triangle Park, NC. Atmospheric Sciences Modeling Div.
Publisher 2000
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA/600/A-99/031;
Stock Number PB2000-107429
Additional Subjects Agricultural processes ; Airborne emissions ; Ammonia ; Nitric oxide ; Livestock ; Fertilizers ; Soils ; Literature reviews ; Seasonal adjustments ; Temporal variability
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2000-107429 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 11/07/2000
Collation 18p
This paper examines the temporal variability of airborne emissions of ammonia from livestock operations and fertilizer application and nitric oxide from soils. In the United States, the livestock operations and fertilizer categories comprise the majority of the ammonia emissions inventory. Air quality modeling efforts for the most part have assumed annual-average ammonia emission factors. Based on a literature review, we have generated crude seasonal adjustments of ammonia emissions taking into account climatic factors, manure spreading, and fertilizer application schedules. Nitric oxide (NO) emissions from soils estimated with the Biogenic Emissions Inventory System (BEIS2) comprise about 10% of total annual nitric oxide emission across the United States. BEIS2 distributes emissions by land use and modulates emissions based on hourly soil temperature, with the highest emissions arising from fertilized soils during warm conditions.