1. Introduction. 1.1. The outcome of GPS positioning. 1.2. A performance review. 1.3. Some geodetic considerations -- 2. Elements of Satellite Surveying. 2.1. Geocentric coordinate systems and their motions. 2.2. Time systems. 2.3. Satellite orbital motion -- 3. The Global Positioning System. 3.1. Space segment. 3.2. Control segment and other support. 3.3. Receivers -- 4. Adjustment Computations. 4.1. Elements. 4.2. Stochastic and mathematical models. 4.3. Propagation of mean and variance-covariance. 4.4. Mixed adjustment model. 4.5. Observation equation and condition equation models. 4.6. Sequential solution. 4.7. Weighted parameters and conditions between parameters. 4.8. Minimal and inner constraint adjustments. 4.9. Statistics in least-squares adjustments. 4.10. Reliability. 4.11. Blunder detection -- 5. Least-Squares Adjustment Examples -- 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Adjustment of a simple network on the mapping plane. With the advent of the Global Positioning System (GPS), a new age has dawned for surveying and navigation. Using a network of orbiting satellites, GPS now makes it possible for ground-based technicians with hand-held monitors to determine their positions with a degree of precision previously unachievable by traditional surveying methods. GPS has the potential to revolutionize the entire practice of surveying, to give increased significance to the numerical records of surveyors, and to make available to many practicing surveyors measurement techniques that until recently were available to very few. To meet the needs of surveyors, engineers, and others for the latest, most complete information on this breakthrough technology, Alfred Leick has updated his classic introduction to the field. GPS Satellite Surveying, Second Edition, includes all the material that made the first edition the standard work on the subject and provides up-to-date information on the most recent developments. Comprehensive and thorough in its presentation, GPS Satellite Surveying is designed to help the modern land information specialist gain full use of GPS surveying techniques and a firm understanding of the resulting measurements.