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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Unconventional fossil-based fuels : economic and environmental trade-offs /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Toman, Michael A.
Publisher RAND Corp.,
Year Published 2008
OCLC Number 341169221
ISBN 9780833046413; 0833046411; 1282033263; 9781282033269
Subjects Petroleum engineering. ; Heavy oil. ; Oil sands. ; Coal liquefaction. ; TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Power Resources--General. ; BUSINESS & ECONOMICS--Industries--Energy. ; SCIENCE--Energy. ; POLITICAL SCIENCE--Public Policy--Environmental Policy.
Internet Access
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Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EMAM  Internet Region 6 Library/Dallas,TX 05/10/2011
Collation 1 online resource (xxiii, 72 pages) : illustrations (chiefly color).
Includes bibliographical references (pages 65-72). Electronic reproduction. Print version record.
Contents Notes
Introduction -- History and context of unconventional fossil-resource development -- Carbon capture and storage for unconventional fuels -- Oil sands and synthetic crude oil -- Coal-to-liquids production -- Competitiveness of unit production costs for synthetic crude oil and coal-to-liquids -- Conclusions. Both high import payments for petroleum motor fuels and concerns regarding emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) are motivating interest in possible fuel substitutes. Petroleum products derived from conventional crude oil constitute more than 50 percent of end-use energy deliveries in the United States and more than 95 percent of all energy used in the U.S. transportation sector. Almost 60 percent of liquid fuels are imported. Emissions from the consumption of petroleum account for 44 percent of the nation's CO2 emissions, with approximately 33 percent of national CO2 emissions resulting from transportation-fuel use. In this report, RAND researchers assess the potential future production levels, production costs, greenhouse gases, and other environmental implications of synthetic crude oil extracted from oil sands and fuels produced via coal liquefaction relative to conventional petroleum-based transportation fuels. The findings indicate the potential cost-competitiveness of these alternative fuels and the potential trade-offs that their deployment requires between economic and environmental considerations.