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Main Title Future science opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean /
CORP Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean.
Publisher National Academies Press,
Year Published 2011
OCLC Number 754723587
ISBN 9780309214698; 0309214696
Subjects Antarctica--Research--Government policy--United States ; Antarctic Ocean--Government policy--Research--United States ; Antarctica--Climatic factors ; Antarctic Ocean--Climatic factors ; Global environmental change ; Antarktisforschung ; USA
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBM  G877.N38 2011 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/04/2018
Collation xiv, 195 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Includes bibliographical references (pages 151-160).
Contents Notes
Introduction -- Fundamental questions of global change -- Fundamental questions of scientific discovery -- Opportunities to enhance research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean -- Future directions in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. "Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean remains one of the world's last frontiers. Covering nearly 14 million kmp2s (an area approximately 1.4 times the size of the United States), Antarctica is the coldest, driest, highest, and windiest continent on Earth. While it is challenging to live and work in this extreme environment, this region offers many opportunities for scientific research. Ever since the first humans set foot on Antarctica a little more than a century ago, the discoveries made there have advanced our scientific knowledge of the region, the world, and the Universe--but there is still much more to learn. However, conducting scientific research in the harsh environmental conditions of Antarctica is profoundly challenging. Substantial resources are needed to establish and maintain the infrastructure needed to provide heat, light, transportation, and drinking water, while at the same time minimizing pollution of the environment and ensuring the safety of researchers. Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean suggests actions for the United States to achieve success for the next generation of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. The report highlights important areas of research by encapsulating each into a single, overarching question. The questions fall into two broad themes: (1) those related to global change, and (2) those related to fundamental discoveries. In addition, the report identified key science questions that will drive research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in coming decades, and highlighted opportunities to be leveraged to sustain and improve the U.S. research efforts in the region."--Publisher's description.