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Main Title Adsorption of Enteroviruses to Soil Cores and Their Subsequent Elution by Artificial Rainwater.
Author Landry, Edward F. ; Vaughn, James M. ; Thomas, McHarrell Z. ; Beckwith, Cheryl A. ;
CORP Author Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY.;Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-R-804776-01; EPA-600/J-79-127;
Stock Number PB81-213050
Additional Subjects Enteroviruses ; Viruses ; Elution ; Soils ; Adsorption ; Rain ; Water ; Artificial precipitation ; Reprints ; Water pollution control ; NTISEPAORD
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB81-213050 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 10p
The adsorption and elution of a variety of human enteroviruses in a highly permeable, sandy soil was studied by using cores (43 by 125 mm) collected from an operating recharge basin on Long Island. Viruses studied included field and reference strains of polioviruses types 1 and 3 and reference strains of coxsackie virus B3 and echovirus types 1 and 6. Viruses suspended in treated sewage effluent were allowed to percolate through soil cores, and the filtrate was assayed for unadsorbed viruses. To determine the likelihood of desorption and mobilization, soil-bound viruses were subjected to a rinse with either treated sewage effluent or simulated rainwater which reflected the anion, cation, and pH characteristics of a typical northeastern United States rainfall. The results demonstrated that all polioviruses tested, including both reference and field strains, adsorbed extremely well to cores. Adsorption was somewhat reduced when clean, unconditioned soils were used. Soil-bound poliovirus strain LSc was not significantly mobilized by flooding columns with either a sewage effluent or rainwater rinse. One virus was mobilized by both types of rinses. The amount of viruses mobilized by rainwater rinses ranged from 24 to 66%. Variable adsorption-elution results were observed with other enteroviruses. Two guanidine-resistant mutants of poliovirus LSc demonstrated a soil adsorption-elution profile different from that of the parent strain. The data support the conclusion that soil adsorption-elution behavior is strain dependent and that poliovirus, particularly strain LSc, represents an inappropriate model.