|Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Co., Washington, D.C. ;Engineering-Science, Inc., McLean, Va.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Transportation and Land Use Policy.;Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.
In accordance with the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977, the Environmental Protection Agency is evaluating the use and cost-effectiveness of alternative short-range transit fare and service improvement strategies, carpool and vanpool strategies, and strategies involving the preferential treatment of high occupancy vehicles to improve air quality in urban areas. The evaluation of individual strategies and combinations of the above strategies includes their emission and air quality impacts and their related energy, noise, and economic impacts. A comprehensive literature review was also conducted, as part of this evaluation, to identify both observed and projected travel, emission, air quality, energy, noise, and economic impacts of the short-range low-cost strategies of interest.