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Main Title Predicting the Precipitation of Acid and Direct Dyes in Natural Waters.
Author Hou, M. ; Baughman, G. L. ;
CORP Author Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising and Interiors.;Environmental Research Lab., Athens, GA.
Publisher c1992
Year Published 1992
Report Number EPA-R-812638; EPA/600/J-92/245;
Stock Number PB92-206200
Additional Subjects Dyes ; Acidification ; Surface waters ; Water pollution ; Toxicity ; Precipitation(Chemistry) ; Calcium carbonates ; Solubility ; Concentration(Composition) ; Textile industry ; pH ; Reprints ; Southeast Piedmont Region(United States)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB92-206200 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 14p
A simple screening test was used to determine whether acid and direct dyes precipitate at calcium concentrations typical of hard waters in the Southeastern Piedmont region of the United States. Of 52 dyes tested, only three direct dyes (Direct Black 19, Direct Black 22, and Direct Blue 75) and seven acid dyes (Acid Red 88, Acid Red 114, Acid Red 151, Acid Brown 14, Acid Black 24, Acid Orange 8, and Acid Blue 1130 precipitated. Structures of all but three of the dyes, or ligands in the case of complexes, are in the literature. Conditional solubility-product constants (Ksp) of calcium salts also were determined by titrimetric and batch-equilibration methods for five of the dyes (Acid Red 114, Acid Red 151, Acid Orange 8, Acid Blue 113, and Direct Yellow 28). Monitoring data show that maximum calcium concentrations in Southeastern Piedmont waters are approximately 0.002M and thus unlikely to precipitate most dyes of the types represented. (Copyright (c) 1992 Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd, England.)