Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title An investigation of ion removal from water and wastewater /
Author Starkey, R. J., ; Starkey, Jr, R. J. ; Kub, M. E. ; Binks, A. E. ; Jain., K. K.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kub, M. E.,
Binks, A. E.,
Jain, K. K.,
CORP Author General Electric Co., Philadelphia, Pa.;National Environmental Research Center, Corvallis, Oreg.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Environmental Research Center,
Year Published 1973
Report Number EPA-660/3-74-022; EPA-68-01-0904
Stock Number PB-240 158
OCLC Number 01458990
Subjects Water--Purification ; Water--Purification--Ion exchange process ; Eutrophication ; Water Purification--methods ; Water quality bioassay
Additional Subjects Coagulation ; Adsorption ; Dialysis ; Sewage treatment ; Ions ; Aluminum oxide ; Alums ; Performance evaluation ; Anions ; Cations ; Organic compounds ; Phosphorus inorganic compounds ; Polyelectrolytes ; Efficiency ; Nitrogen organic compounds ; Inorganic nitrates ; Ammonia ; Water pollution control
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-3-74-022 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/09/2012
EJBD  EPA 660-3-74-022 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/30/2014
ELBD  EPA 660-3-74-022 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 02/24/2022
ESBD  EPA-660-3-74-022 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 09/27/2017
NTIS  PB-240 158 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 116 pages : illustrations, figures tables ; 28 cm.
Three standardized techniques (capillary membrane dialysis, alumina adsorption, alum/polyelectrolyte coagulation) have been compared under laboratory conditions to determine their relative effectiveness in removing a broad spectrum of nutrients, cations, and anions from freshly collected samples of stream water and wastewater effluent (secondary and tertiary). Of these alumina adsorption was highly effective in removal of phosphorus, inorganic carbon, as well as most cations with concomitant reduction of specific conductance and hardness. High Kjeldahl and ammonia nitrogen removal efficiencies of alumina were only observed in samples of wastewater in which pre-treatment concentrations were relatively high. Dialysis occupied an intermediate position in respect to cation removal, but produced results equivalent to alumina adsorption in respect to inorganic carbon. Superiority of dialysis in removal of sodium, potassium, chloride, nitrate-nitrite, boron, and dissolved solids is reported. Alum/polyelectrolyte (Betz no. 1150) proved to be effective in removing phosphorus from all waters tested, but was highly ineffective in respect to all other parameters tested.
"August 1973. Includes bibliographical references (pages 87-88). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Contract No. Contract Number: 68-01-0904, Program Element 1BA-031, Roap/Task 21 AJE 26.