Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title What determines environmental performance at paper mills? : the roles of abatement spending, regulation and efficiency /
Author Shadbegian, Ronald J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Gray, Wayne B.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Economics,
Year Published 2003
OCLC Number 57246838
Subjects Paper mills--Environmental aspects--United States ; Environmental policy--Economic aspects--United States
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBR EPAAUX HC79.E5N386 2003-03 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/17/2020
Collation 30 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
"April, 2003." Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes
This paper examines the determinants of environmental performance at paper mills, measured by air pollution emissions per unit of output. We consider differences across plants in air pollution abatement expenditures, local regulatory stringency, and productive efficiency. Emissions are significantly lower in plants with a larger air pollution abatement capital stock: a 10 percent increase in abatement capital stock appears to reduce emissions by 6.9 percent. This translates into a sizable social return: one dollar of abatement capital stock is estimated to provide an annual return of about 75 cents in pollution reduction benefits. Local regulatory stringency and productive efficiency also matter: plants in non-attainment counties have 43 percent lower emissions and plants with 10 percent higher productivity have 2.5 percent lower emissions. For pollution abatement operating costs we find (puzzlingly) positive, but always insignificant, coefficients.