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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title A laboratory study to investigate gaseous emissions and solids decomposition during composting of municipal solid wastes [electronic resource] /
Author Ham, R. K. ; Komilis, D. ;
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Ham, Robert K.
Komilis, Dimitris.
CORP Author Wisconsin Univ.-Madison. ;Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Solid Waste.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,
Year Published 2003
Report Number EPA-600/R-03-004
Stock Number PB2007-102052
Subjects Compost. ; Refuse and refuse disposal. ; Organic wastes.
Additional Subjects Municipal solid waste ; Decomposition ; Emissions ; Materials flow ; Carbon dioxide ; Recycling ; Volatile organic compounds ; Composting ; Biodegradablilty ; Ethylbenzene ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2007-102052 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 05/28/2007
Collation 1 online resource ([149] p.) ; ill., charts, digital, PDF file..
A materials flow analysis was performed for composting municipal solid waste (MSW) and specific biodegradable organic components of MSW. This work is part of an overall U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) project providing cost, energy, and materials flow information on different methods to reduce, recycle, treat, or dispose of MSW. This information will be used by managers to optimize MSW management. Calculating energy and material flows, emissions, and costs associated with different methods and mixes of methods for handling MSW or for different components of MSW will provide basic information to guide decisionmakers. Composting is aerobic decomposition of a substrate, in this case MSW or its components. The purpose of this work is to quantify and model energy and material flows into a typical compost facility and material flows out of it. This work required laboratory experiments because material flows in particular were not known for general MSW or its components. The results indicate that MSW (at 25% inorganics) and its three largest decomposable components (i.e., food wastes, mixed paper, and yard wastes) will lose 47, 66, 35, and 48%, respectively, of their dry weight upon complete composting. This will produce 730, 1,340, 560, and 800 kg of carbon dioxide (CO2) per dry U.S. ton of MSW, food wastes, mixed paper, and yard wastes, respectively. Corresponding ammonia releases are 0.42, 49, 2.4, and 5.4 kg per dry ton. Volatile organic compound (VOC) releases were quantified for 12 targeted VOCs, and additional VOCs were found but not quantified. The results are modeled for facilities accepting various combinations of MSW components (or MSW of various compositions).
Title from title screen (viewed Nov. 17, 2010). "EPA-600/R-03-004." Includes bibliographical references. "January 2003."