Triethyltin (TET) is a neurotoxicant that produces severe but transient cerebral edema, characterized ultrastructurally by vacuolation of the intraperiod line of central nervous system (CNS) myelin. In the present study, the genomic expression (i.e., mRNA) of MBP was monitored throughout the pathogenesis of TET-induced myelin edema and recovery in Sprague-Dawley rats given a single injection of a neuropathic (8.0 mg/kg) or non-neuropathic (0.8 mg/kg) dose of TET-bromide. Levels of MBP-mRNA from the anterior and posterior brain were collected 1 hr, 3 hr, 2d, and 7d, postexposure. The optic nerve andd caudal brainstem, representing anterior and posterior brain sites, respectively, were examined at the same time-points for ultrastructural evidence of edema and recovery. Study data indicate that neuropathic doses (8.0 mg/kg) of TET significantly stimulated MBP transcript throughout the brain at all exposure time-points. The magnitude and time-course of this stimulation differed in the anterior and posterior brain, with the latter region showing higher levels of MBP-mRNA.