Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Health effects of sewage aerosols : additional serological surveys and search for Legionella pneumophila in sewage /
Author Northrop, R. ; Becker, C. ; Cordell, R. ; Sulita, M. ; Altman, N.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Northrop, R.
CORP Author Illinois Univ. at the Medical Center, Chicago. School of Public Health.;Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA/600/1-81/032; EPA-R-805003
Stock Number PB81-179830
Subjects Legionella pneumophila ; Bacteria, Pathogenic ; Sewage sludge
Additional Subjects Activated sludge process ; Viruses ; Aerosols ; Serology ; Sewage sludge ; Antibodies ; Public health ; Exposure ; Air pollution ; Guinea pigs ; Laboratory animals ; Parenteral infusions ; Microorganisms ; Norwalk virus ; Environmental health ; Legionella pneumophila ; Hepatitis A ; Sewage treatment effluents ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Air sampling ; Particulates
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB81-179830 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 50 pages ; 28 cm
Antibody levels to Legionella pneumophila, serogroup 1 and Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) were determined for 433 persons living within a 1.6 km radius of an activated sludge plant. Sera of children 6 to 13 years of age were also tested for antibody to Norwalk Virus. The antibody prevalence rates for L. pneumophila, HAV and Norwalk Virus were 23.2%, 31.55 and 7.1%, respectively. The prevalence of L. pneumophila antibody was higher than expected but not the others. Seroconversions were not observed except for a 4-fold rise in HAV antibody in one pair of sera suggesting new infections did not occur in the 8-month study period by any of these agents. Using an index of exposure for the number of viable organisms generated at the plant to which participants were exposed, the average index for persons with antibody to L. pneumophila, or HAV, was not different from the averages of those without antibody. In addition, there was no association between how close people lived to the plant, or how long they lived in the study area, and being seropositive. These findings augment but still did not prove the previous findings that sewage aerosols emitted from this plant had no overt health effects.
"PB81-179830." Grant No. R-805003. EPA 600/1-81-032. Includes bibliographical references (pages 37-40). Microfiche.