Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 2 OF 4
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Predicting future introductions of nonindigenous species to the Great Lakes /|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. National Center for Environmental Assessment.|
|Publisher||National Center for Environmental Assessment,|
|Subjects||Nonindigenous aquatic pests--Control--Great Lakes (North America) ; Aquatic pests--Great Lakes (North America) ; Biological invasions--Great Lakes (North America) ; Animal introduction--Great Lakes (North America)--Prevention. ; Discharge of ballast water--Environmental aspects--Great Lakes (North America) ; Nonindigenous pests--Great Lakes (North America)|
|Additional Subjects||Aquatic animals ; Aquatic plants ; Great Lakes ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Ecology ; Environmental effects ; Conservation ; Monitoring ; Program evaluation ; Cost effectiveness ; Aquatic nuisance species|
|Collation||1 online resource  p. : col. maps.|
The Great Lakes of the United States have been subjected to adverse ecological and economic impacts from nonindigenous species (NIS). Ballast water from commercial shipping is the major means by which NIS have entered the Great Lakes. To help resource managers assess the future arrival and spread of invasive species, 58 species were initially identified as having a moderate or high potential to spread and cause ecological impacts to the Great Lakes. Using a species distribution model (the Genetic Algorithm for Rule-Set Production or GARP), areas within the Great Lakes where 14 of these 58 potential invasive species could find suitable habitat, were identified. Based on the model and species depth tolerances, all of Lake Erie and the shallow water areas of the other four Great Lakes are most vulnerable to invasion by the 14 modeled species. Analysis of ballast water discharge data of vessels entering the Great Lakes via the St. Lawrence Seaway revealed that the original source of most ballast water discharges came from Canada and Western Europe. The Great Lakes ports at greatest risk for invasion by the 14 modeled species from ballast water discharges are Toledo, Ashtabula and Sandusky, OH; Gary, IN; Duluth, MN; Milwaukee and Superior, WI; and Chicago, IL. Since early detection is critical in managing for NIS, these results should help focus monitoring activities on particular species at the most vulnerable Great Lakes ports. This assessment demonstrates that successful invasions are best predicted by knowing the propagule pressure (i.e., the number of larvae/individuals entering a new area) and habitat matching (i.e., how similar is the invaded area to the native range of the species).
Title from title screen (viewed Jan. 6, 2009). "EPA/600/R-08/066F." "November 2008." Includes bibliographical references.
The primary goal of this report is to help scientists and managers to better focus aquatic NIS monitoring activities and resources by identifying new invasive species, their potential to spread, and the U.S. Great Lakes ports most susceptible to invasion. Another goal is to demonstrate the use of a habitat suitability model and ballast water discharge data to predict invasion potential.