Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 2 OF 14
|Main Title||Accumulation of Polychlorinated Organic Contaminants from Sediment by Three Benthic Marine Species.|
|Author||Pruell, R. J. ; Rubinstein, N. I. ; Taplin, B. K. ; LiVolsi, J. A. ; Bowen, R. D. ;|
|CORP Author||Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI. ;Science Applications International Corp., Narragansett, RI.|
|Report Number||EPA/600/J-93/082 ;ERLN-1331;|
|Additional Subjects||Benthos ; Exposure ; Sediments ; Water pollution effects ; Passaic River ; Tests ; Measurement ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Herbicides ; Furans ; Oxygen organic compounds ; Concentration(Composition) ; Clams ; Shrimps ; Bioassay ; Experimental design ; Chemical analysis ; Graphs(Charts) ; New Jersey ; Reprints ; Polychlorinated biphenyls ; Dioxin/tetrachloro-dibenzo ; Bioaccumulation ; Nereis virens ; Sand worms|
A laboratory experiment was conducted to measure the accumulation of selected polychlorinated compounds by marine benthos exposed to environmentally contaminated sediment. Sandworms (Nereis virens), clams (Macoma nasuta), and grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) were exposed to sediment collected from the Passaic River, New Jersey. All three species accumulated 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,7,8-TCDF) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from the sediment. In addition, a recently identified sulfur containing analog of tetrachlorinated dibenzofurans. The objectives of the study were to determine the relative bioavailability of 2,3,7,8-TCDD, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,7,8-TCDF) and selected PCB congeners from bottom sediments as well as to examine the relationship between contaminant concentrations in sediments and biota.