Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 4 OF 21
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Drinking Water Criteria Document for Oxamyl (Vydate) (Trade Name).|
|Author||Turck, P. ; Cerny, M. ; England, D. T. ; Swetlow, K. ;|
|CORP Author||Dynamac Corp., Rockville, MD.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Criteria and Standards Div.|
|Additional Subjects||Public health ; Organic compounds ; Water pollution ; Insecticides ; Chemical properties ; Soil contamination ; Toxicity ; Adsorption ; Rodents ; Metabolism ; Nematocides ; Exposure ; Mutagens ; Carcinogens ; Skin(Anatomy) ; Laboratory animals ; Mortality ; Dosage ; Tables(Data) ; Humans ; Oxamyl ; Drinking water ; Bioaccumulation|
Oxamyl is stable in the solid form and relatively stable in aqueous solutions at acidic pH. At alkaline pH, however, oxamyl is rapidly hydrolyzed to an oximino compound. Exposure to light, particularly at low concentrations, results in rapid and extensive decomposition of oxamyl. Decomposition in soils under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions is also rapid and extensive. Field studies indicate that the mobility of oxamyl in soil is limited. Vydate is widely used for control of insects, mites, and nematodes on field crops, fruits, and ornamentals. Oxamyl is rapidly absorbed, metabolized, and eliminated by rodents. Rats eliminated greater than 50% of an oral dose of oxamyl in the urine within 3 days of administration. Oxamyl is also toxic following long-term oral exposure.