||Environmental aspects of retrofitting two industries to low- and intermediate- energy gas from coal /
Ball, D. A. ;
Putnam, A. A. ;
Hissong, D. W. ;
Varga, J. ;
Hsieh., B. C.
||Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
||EPA 600-2-76-102; EPA-68-02-1843; EPA-ROAP-21BBZ-006
Air--Pollution--United States. ;
Coal gasification. ;
Natural gas--United States. ;
Iron industry and trade--United States. ;
Petroleum refineries--United States. ;
Steel industry and trade--United States.
Coal gasification ;
Industrial plants ;
Low btu gas ;
Iron and steel industry ;
Petroleum refineries ;
Air pollution control ;
Fuel oil ;
Cost estimates ;
Process charting ;
Design criteria ;
Natural gas ;
Material balance ;
Manufactured gas ;
In plant processing ;
Intermediate btu gas ;
Koppers-Totzek process ;
Wellman-Galusha process ;
SIC 3312 ;
||Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC
||Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA
||Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
|| pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of an analysis of the constraints and environmental impact of converting selected industries to low- and intermediate-energy gas from coal. Two target industries, the secondary steel industry and the petroleum refining industry, were selected for analysis. A hypothetical model plant was developed for each target industry and characterized as to layout, energy use, combustion process characteristics, and relation to the respective target industry as a whole. A gasifier and gas-cleaning system combination was selected for each model plant and sized to provide sufficient low- or intermediate-energy gas to replace the model plant's requirement for natural gas and oil. Material and energy balances were made for each model plant, and the constraints involved in process modification, along with the potential environmental impact, were evaluated.
"EPA 600-2-76-102." "April 1976." Cover title. Prepared by Battelle-Columbus Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio, under contract no. 68-02-1843, ROAP no. 21BBZ-006, program element no. 1AB013. Tables. Includes appendices. Includes bibliographical references (pages 153-156).