||Selected Organic Pollutant Emissions from Unvented Kerosene Heaters.
Traynor, G. W. ;
Apte, M. G. ;
Sokol, H. A. ;
Chuang, J. C. ;
Mumford, J. L. ;
||California Univ., Berkeley. Lawrence Berkeley Lab. ;Battelle Columbus Labs., OH.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Heating equipment ;
Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ;
Aromatic monocyclic hydrocarbons ;
Aliphatic hydrocarbons ;
Organic compounds ;
Indoor air pollution ;
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An exploratory study was performed to assess the semivolatile and nonvolatile organic-compound emissions from unvented kerosene space heaters. A well-tuned radiant heater and a maltuned convective heater were used for the study. Each heater was operated in a 27-cu m chamber with a prescribed on/off pattern. Organic compounds were collected on teflon-impregnated glass filters backed by XAD-2 resin and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Pollutant source strengths were calculated using a mass-balance equation. The results show that kerosene heaters can emit polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), nitrated PAHs; alkyl benzenes; pentachlorophenol; phtalates; hydro naphthalenes; aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, and ketones; and other organic compounds.