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Main Title Economic impact analysis for the proposed mercury cell chlor-alkali production NESHAP.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Khursheed, Aiaysha.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards,
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA/452-R-01-002
Stock Number PB2001-103553
OCLC Number 45870486
Subjects Air quality--Standards--United States ; Chlorine ; Chlorine industry--United States ; Hazardous substances--Law and legislation--United States
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Environmental regulation ; Emissions control ; Economic impacts ; Chlorine ; Sodium hydroxide ; Mercury cell ; Models ; Regulations ; Chlor-alkali ; National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants(NESHAP)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAD  EPA/452-R-01-002 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 05/18/2001
EKBD  EPA-452/R-01-002 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 02/09/2001
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 452-R-01-002 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 452/R-01-002 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 03/23/2001
ESAD  EPA 452-R-01-002 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 12/13/2002
NTIS  PB2001-103553 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 28 cm
Pursuant to Section 112 of the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is developing a National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to control emissions released from chlorine production at mercury cell chlor-alkali facilities. Of the 43 facilities EPA identified as engaging in the production of chlorine, there are 12 facilities that use the mercury cell process. The total annual costs of meeting the MACT standards for these facilities is $1.46 million. The economic impacts of this regulation were examined using two models: a competitive market model and an oligopoly market model. The price of chlorine and its co-product sodium hydroxide is expected to increase by less than 0.01% using either market model. Impacts on quantity produced of both chlorine and sodium hydroxide are of similar magnitude. The 43 chlorine manufacturing facilities are owned by 21 companies, six of which are considered small based on the Small Business Administration's definitions for small businesses. An examination of the compliance costs-to-sales ratios of 21 companies shows that costs are expected to be less than 1 percent of company revenues, thus this regulation is not anticipated to have a significant economic impact on companies owing mercury cell chlor-alkali production plants.
Cover title. Project Officer: Aiaysha Khursheed. "December 2000." "EPA/452-R-01-002." Proposed regulation. "Performing organization: U.S. environmental Protection Agency ... Air Quality Strategies and Standards Division"--Colophon. Includes bibliographical references.