Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Economic impact analysis for the final primary copper smelting NESHAP.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Khursheed, Aaiysha.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards,
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA/452-R-00-003
Stock Number PB2000-107379
OCLC Number 45131074
Subjects Copper industry and trade--Economic aspects ; Copper--Standards--Economic aspects--United States ; Air--Pollution--Standards--Costs ; Copper industry and trade--Standards--Compliance costs
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Smelters ; Copper ; Metal industry ; Pollution regulations ; Law enforcement ; Standrds compliance ; Market analysis ; Economic impact ; NESHAP(National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  EPA-452/R-00-003 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 10/06/2000
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 452-R-00-003 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 452/R-00-003 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 12/29/2000
ESAD  EPA 452-R-00-003 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 12/01/2000
NTIS  PB2000-107379 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various foliations) : illustrations ; 28 cm
Pursuant to Section 112 of the Clean Air Act, the U.S. the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is developing National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to control emissions released from the primary copper smelting operations. The purpose of this rule is to reduce the flow of HAPs from potential emission point within primary copper smelting facilities. Eighty percent of the HAPs released are lead and arsenic. The other HAPs include cadmium, cobalt, manganese, nickel, selenium, antimony, beryllium, and mercury. The facilities in the primary copper smelting source category are controlling HAP emission from their smelting operations, as required, to meet maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards. There are seven facilities in the primary copper manufacturing source category, six of which are major sources. Since the proposal of this NESHAP, three of the six facilities have shut down. The seven facilities were owned by five companies when the NESHAP was proposed. Since then, the industry has consolidated so that only four companies own the seven primary copper smelters. According to the Small Business Administration size standards, none of these businesses are considered small. The total annual costs for this rule are $1.85 million. The share of costs to estimated revenues for the affected facilities range from a low of 0.004 percent to a high of 0.209 percent. Based on the facility-level cost-to-sales ratios, impacts of the NESHAP on companies owning smelting facilities are anticipated to be negligible.
Cover title. EPA Project Officer: Aaiysha Khursheed. Revises EPA-453/P-97-001, Economic impact of air emission standards: primary copper smelting. "July 2000." Proposed regulation. Includes bibliographical references (pages 7/1-7/3). "EPA/452-R-00-003." PB2000-107379.