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Main Title Animal investigation program 1972 annual report /
Author Smith, Donald D. ; Giles, K. R. ; Bernhardt., D. E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Giles, Kenneth R.
Bernhardt, D. E.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, Nev. Environmental Monitoring and Support Lab.;Energy Research and Development Administration.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, Monitoring Systems Research and Development Division ; Available from the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number NERC-LV-539-35; AT(26-1)-539
Stock Number NERC-LV-539-35
OCLC Number 36588533
Subjects Radioactive fallout--Nevada ; Dairy cattle--Nevada ; Animals ; Plants ; Radioisotopes in the body ; Tissues--Analysis ; Wildlife
Additional Subjects Actinides ; Bone tissues ; Cattle ; Cesium 137 ; Deer ; Iodine 131 ; Liver ; Mercury 203 ; Muscles ; Nevada test site ; Plutonium 238 ; Plutonium 239 ; Sheep ; Strontium 90 ; Thyroid ; Tissues ; Tritium ; Uranium ; Wild animals ; Zirconium 95 ; Nuclear explosions ; Radiation doses ; Radiation monitoring ; Radiochemical analysis ; ERDA/500300 ; ERDA/510300 ; ERDA/520300 ; ERDA/560172
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA NERC-LV-539-35 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
NTIS  NERC-LV-539-35 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation v, 82 pages : maps ; 28 cm
This report presents the data from the radioanalyses of tissues collected from cattle, deer, desert bighorn sheep, and other wildlife that reside on or near the Nevada Test Site. Also discussed are special actinide studies with cattle from the Tonopah Test Range and Searchlight, Nevada, special sampling of an Arizona buffalo herd, and bioenvironmental sampling of the Gnome site in New Mexico and the Tatum Dome Test Site in Mississippi. The thyroids of cattle sampled during May and deer sampled in March and May contained detectable levels of exp 131 I. The possible source of this radionuclide was an atmospheric nuclear detonation in the People's Republic of China during March. Cesium-137 and exp 95 Zr were the only gamma-emitting radionuclides that were regularly detected in the soft tissues. Cesium-137 was found in ten beef muscle and two beef liver samples. The median values were 30 and 28 pCi/kg, respectively. Elevated tritium levels were found in three cattle, one deer, and a coyote. Postulated sources of these levels are discussed. The exp 90 Sr levels in bones of ruminants continued the downward trend of recent years. Levels of exp 239 Pu detected in muscle of beef cows ranged from 0.5 percent to 4 percent of the levels found in the ingesta. These levels in the bones tended to increase with age of the animal. Hypothetical dose estimates resulting from the daily consumption of liver or muscle containing exp 3 H, exp 137 Cs, exp 203 Hg, U, exp 238 Pu, and exp 239 Pu were calculated. (ERA citation 02:001498)
"Published May 1976." "NERC-LV-539-35." Cover title. "This study performed under a memorandum of understanding no. AT(26-1)--539 for the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration." Includes bibliographical references.