Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Diesel Car Regulation and Traffic Casualties.
Author McDonald, Roy ; Ingram, Gregory K. ;
CORP Author National Research Council, Washington, DC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.;Department of Energy, Washington, DC.;Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1982
Report Number EPA-68-01-5972;
Stock Number PB82-212705
Additional Subjects Automobiles ; Diesel engines ; Regulations ; Casualties ; Motor vehicle accidents ; Diesel fuels ; Weight(Mass) ; Decision making ; Injuries ; Safety devices ; Statistical analysis ; Health hazards ; Public policy ; Light duty vehicles ; Passive restraint systems
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB82-212705 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 53p
Requested by the White House Office of Science and Technology, the National Research Council made a comprehensive study of the human health effects and public policy issues associated with the prospective increase in the use of diesel-powered light-duty vehicles in the US. The authors examined the implications of the increasing use of diesel cars on traffic fatalities. Reducing vehicle weight improves fuel economy but indications are that probability of injuries or fatalities to drivers and passengers in traffic accidents is increased. In the 1990s when diesels are estimated to constitute perhaps as much as 25% of light-duty-vehicle miles traveled, several hundred fewer fatalities and several thousand fewer injuries are likely to occur per yr. However, current policy is to accept potential increases in traffic casualties that accompany vehicle downsizing. If the safety features of passenger cars are not altered, a reduction in average vehicle weight of 100 pounds is estimated to increase the annual number of traffic accident fatalities by approx. 1000. Under certain circumstances these projections of fatality rates could be reduced, i.e. introduction of passive restraint systems and the potential of increased use of diesels for reducing fire-related automobile deaths.