||Assessment of the Air Quality Impact of SO2 Emissions from the ASARCO-Tacoma Smelter.
Cramer, H. E. ;
Bowers, J. F. ;
Geary., H. V. ;
||Cramer (H. E.) Co., Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah.;Environmental Protection Agency, Seattle, Wash. Region X.
||TR-76-105-01; EPA-68-02-1387; EPA/910/9-76/028;
Air pollution ;
Sulfur dioxide ;
Atmospheric motion ;
Mathematical models ;
Diurnal variations ;
Air quality maintenance ;
Standards compliance ;
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The major purpose of the work described in this report was to use diffusion modeling techniques to calculate the impact on ambient air quality of SO2 emissions from the ASARCO copper smelter in Tacoma, Washington for the existing smelter configuration (51-percent constant emissions control) and for 20 alternative smelter configurations with varying degrees of constant emissions control. The accuracy of the modeling techniques was established by the close correspondence obtained between calculated and observed short-term ground-level SO2 concentrations for 20 selected historical cases, when high hourly SO2 concentrations were measured in the area surrounding the smelter, as well as by the close agreement between calculated and observed annual average concentrations for 1972. The results of the model calculations show that the maximum allowable constant SO2 emission rate consistent with maintaining the Washington Department of Ecology (DOE) and Puget Sound Air Pollution Control Agency (PSAPCA) air quality standards ranges from 2000 to 2500 pounds per hour, depending on the source configuration.