Analyzing the effectiveness of international environmental institutions / Robert O. Keohane -- Old fads, new lessons : learning from economic development assistance / David Fairman and Michael Ross -- The global environment facility : haunted by the shadow of the future / David Fairman -- The Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund : partial success story / Elizabeth R. DeSombre and Joanne Kauffman -- Nonstate actors leading the way : debt-for-nature swaps / Cord Jakobeit -- Conditionality and logging reform in the topics / Michael Ross -- Protecting the Rhine River against chloride pollution / Thomas Bernauer -- Nuclear safety in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union / Barbara Connolly and Martin List -- Organizational inertia and environmental assistance to Eastern Europe / Barbara Connolly, Tamar Gutner, and Hildegard Bedarff -- Increments for the earth : the politics of environmental aid / Barbara Connolly -- Appendix : The scope on global environmental finacing : cases in context / Wendy E. Franz. "The discrepancy between levels of environmental quality of rich and poor countries will continue as long as large per capita gaps in income persist. Institutions for Environmental Aid draws on research from economics, international relations, and development assistance, as well as the growing literature on international environmental relations, to evaluate the effectiveness of international institutions designed to facilitate the transfer of resources from richer to poorer countries, in conjunction with efforts to improve the natural environment. Looking at the Global Environmental Facility, aid arrangements associated with the Montreal Protocol on the ozone layer, environmental operations of world financial institutions (with respect to aid to Eastern Europe and efforts to save tropical forests), debt-for-nature swaps, and the Rhine River, Institutions for Environmental Aid asks whether they increase concern, improve the contractual environment, and increase national capacity -- functions identified in a companion study, Institutions for the Earth. The authors of this carefully planned collaboration observe that although there is some evidence of effectiveness in these terms, conflicts of interests within and between states, and involving nongovernmental and intergovernmental organizations, are frequently debilitating; successful initiatives result from a combination of favorable constellations of interests and creative, dedicated leadership. Global."--Cubierta.