Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 4 OF 22
|Main Title||Chemical technology and economics in environmental perspectives ; Task III chlorofluorocarbon emission control in selected end-use applications.|
|Author||Lapp, Thomas W. ; Wilkinson, Ralph R. ; Gadberry, Howard ; Weast., Thomas|
|CORP Author||Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, Mo.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Toxic Substances.|
|Publisher||Prepared for the Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Report Number||68-01-3201; EPA 560/1-76-009; EPA-68-01-3201|
|Stock Number||PB-262 529|
|Subjects||Environmental chemistry ; Chlorofluorocarbons|
|Additional Subjects||Fluorohydrocarbons ; Air pollution control ; Sources ; Combustion products ; Industrial wastes ; Efficiency ; Cost analysis ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Fluorine organic compounds ; Refrigerants ; Air conditioning ; Feasibility ; Maintenance ; Solvents ; Refrigerating ; Cellular plastics ; Blowing agents ; Desiccants ; Cost estimates ; Cleaning agents ; Ozone ; Human health ; Toxicity ; Atmospheric chemistry ; Dichlorodifluoromethane ; Freons ; Air pollution detection ; Freon 12 ; Freon 11 ; Freon 13 ; Freon 114 ; Environmental chemical substitutes ; Methane/chloro-trifluoro ; Methane/bromo-difluoro ; Ethane/trichloro-trifluoro ; Ethane/dibromo-tetrafluoro|
|Collation||1 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.|
The purpose of this study was to identify the potential sources of emission for three of the major end-use applications of F-11, -12, -13, -113, and -114 and to identify current and potential methods for controlling emissions from these sources. For identified methods of control, the efficiency of the method and the economics of its application were determined. In applicable areas, the feasibility, cost, and effectiveness of new or modified operating and/or maintenance procedures were studied as a means of reducing emissions. The areas of study were refrigeration and air conditioning, plastic foam blowing agents, and cleaning and drying applications. This study did not include an assessment of the risks associated with the environmental discharge of these chemicals. Actual and potential sources of chlorofluorocarbon emission were identified in each of the three areas. Known methods of emission reduction, efficiencies, and economics are discussed for the fields of refrigeration and air conditioning and for solvent and drying applications. Proposed methods were delineated for the plastic foam blowing agent field.
EPA 560/1-76-009. "Contract no. 68-01-3201." "Project Officer: Irving J. Gruntfast." "November 1976."