Tropical forests in transition : ecology of natural and anthropogenic disturbance processes : an introduction / J.G. Goldammer -- Palynological evidence relating to disturbance and other ecological phenomena of rain forests / J.R. Flenley -- Holocene autochthonous forest degradation in Southeast Venezuela / H. Fèolster -- Vegetation, megaherbivores, man and climate in the quaternary and the genesis of closed rain forests / W. Schèule -- Succession after disturbance of lowland mixed Dipterocarp forest by shifting agriculture in East Kalimantan, Indonesia / S. Riswan and R. Abdulhadi -- Degradation of a forest in the Shimba Hills National Reserve, Kenya, as initiated by man and maintained by wildlife / R. Schmidt. Tropical mountain ecology in Ethiopia as a basis of conservation, management and restoration / S.K. Uhlig -- Forests for integrated land-use development in an Eastern Ethiopian water catchment / H. Uibrig -- Geoecological consequences of human impacts on forests in Sri Lanka / C. Preu and W. Erdelen -- Structure and dynamics of the Upper Montane rain forests of Sri Lanka / W.L. Werner and S. Balasubramaniam -- A research perspective on disturbance and recovery of a tropical Montane forest / R.B. Waide and A.E. Lugo -- Process-oriented models for simulation of growth dynamics of tropical natural and plantation forests / H. Schäfer, H. Krieger and H. Bossel -- A finite-element model to simulate spacial distributions of populations of large mammals / A. Schèule. The role of the tropics in the global carbon budget : impacts and possible developments / G. Esser -- Modeling the response of terrestrial vegetation to climate change in the tropics / T.M. Smith, J.B. Smith Jr. and H.H. Shugart.