Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Case studies of transit energy and air pollution impacts /
Author Curry, James P., ; Curry, James P. (James Patrick)
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Energy, Minerals and Industry,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA/600-5-76-003; EPA-68-01-2475
Stock Number PB-253 211
OCLC Number 02207252
Subjects Transportation--Environmental aspects.
Additional Subjects Urban transportation ; Air pollution abatement ; Exhaust emissions ; Mass transportation ; Energy conservation ; Surveys ; Predictions ; Highways ; Bus lines ; Rapid transit railways ; Terminal facilities ; Urban areas ; Models ; Probability theory ; Environmental impacts ; Ridership ; Significant deterioration(Air pollution) ; Case studies ; Air quality maintenance
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-5-76-003 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/30/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-5-76-003 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/01/2014
EKBD  EPA-600/5-76-003 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 09/19/2003
NTIS  PB-253 211 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xii, 186 pages : illustrations, diagrams, maps ; 28 cm.
The paper summarizes analysis of the energy consumption and air pollution impacts of eight case studies of new or improved transit services. The case studies include (a) areawide bus service improvement programs involving route extensions, increased frequencies, new lines, demand responsive service, and fare reductions; (b) new corridor exclusive busway service on the Shirley Highway and San Bernardino Freeway; and (c) new rail transit service in the Philadelphia-Lindenwold corridor. Probabilistic models were developed for each of these three service improvement scenerios to account for key travel demand and transportation system factors affecting energy consumption and air pollution impact levels. Results showed that low patronage response to areawide bus improvements as well as diversion from prior bus service, carpools, etc. and extensive auto access (park-and-ride, kiss-and-ride) to corridor systems reduce expected energy and air pollution gains and may, under certain conditions found in four case studies, result in possible energy use increases. Additionally, it was found that auto use for corridor system access may worsen air quality conditions in suburban areas in the vicinity of corridor transit terminal locations.
"Contract No. 68-01-2475." "May 1976." "Project Officer Steven E. Plotkin, Office of Energy, Minerals and Industry." Includes bibliographical references.