Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Transportation controls to reduce automobile use and improve air quality in cities : the need, the options, and effects on urban activity /
Author Horowitz, Joel L. ; Kuhrtz., Steven
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kuhrtz, Steven,
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Air and Waste Management.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Waste Management,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-400/11-74-002
Stock Number PB-240 006
OCLC Number 01507039
Subjects Air quality management--United States. ; Transportation, Automotive--United States.
Additional Subjects Automobiles ; Urban transportation ; Air pollution abatement ; Urban planning ; Standards ; Motor vehicles ; Air pollution control ; Mass transportation ; Parking facilities ; Buses(Vehicles) ; Air quality maintenance ; Motor vehicle inspection ; Retrofit devices ; Carpools ; Automobile usage ; Public transportation usage
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 400-11-74-002 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/24/2010
EJBD  EPA 400-11-74-002 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/07/2014
EKBD  EPA-400/11-74-002 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 12/14/2001
ERAD  EPA 400/11-74-002 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 05/23/2013
NTIS  PB-240 006 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation vi, 69 pages ; 28 cm
The report discusses the problem of implementing the national air quality standards in certain metropolitan areas. This will require reductions in automobile emissions greater than those achievable by new car emissions controls, inspection/maintenance, and retrofit. Accordingly, transportation controls to reduce automobile emissions by reducing automobile use have been developed and are being implemented in the affected areas. The approaches to reducing automobile use most frequently used are transit improvements, carpooling programs, and parking restrictions. Programs that combine all three approaches could reduce automobile emissions by as much as 30 percent through diversion of automobile drivers to transit and carpools. However, because of the cost disadvantages created by the underpricing of automobile use, programs not incorporating parking restrictions or other disincentives to low-occupancy automobile travel are unlikely to achieve emissions reductions greater than 5 to 10 percent.
"EPA-400/11-74-002." Includes bibliographical references.