Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Global trade and fuels assessment : future trends and effects of requiring clean fuels in the marine sector /
CORP Author RTI International, Chicago, IL.; EnSys Energy & Systems Inc., Lexington, MA.; Navigistics Consulting, Boxborough, MA.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.
Publisher United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality,
Year Published 2008
Report Number EPA420-R-08-021
Stock Number PB2010-104131
OCLC Number 317483920
Subjects Marine engines--Exhaust systems. ; Marine engines--Fuel consumption. ; Marine engines--Standards--United States. ; Marine diesel motors. ; Diesel motor exhaust gas. ; Air quality--Standards--United States. ; Air--Pollution--Law and legislation--United States.
Additional Subjects Global trade ; Fuels ; Marine sector ; Fuel sulfur levels ; Exhaust ; Emissions
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELCD  EPA 420-R-08-021 PDF file on file NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 09/12/2011
NTIS  PB2010-104131 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 09/22/2010
Collation [197] pages : digital, PDF file
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), along with other regulatory bodies in the United States and Canada, is considering whether to designate one or more SOx Emission Control Areas (SECAs) along the North American coastline, as provided for by MARPOL Annex VI. This addition to the international MARPOL treaty went into effect on May 19, 2005, and places limits on both NOx and SOx emissions. According to the terms of the treaty, ships calling on ports in signatory countries must use bunker fuelthe industry vernacular for marine fuelswith sulfur content by weight at or below 4.5%. Countries participating in the treaty are also permitted to request designation of SECAs, in which ships must treat their exhaust to a level not exceeding 6.0 grams of SOx per kilowatt-hour or further reduce the sulfur content of their fuel to 1.5%. The Baltic and North Sea areas have already been designated as SECAs, and the effective dates of compliance in these bodies of water were 2006 and 2007, respectively. To evaluate possible recommendations regarding North American SECAs, EPA requires a thorough examination of potential responses by the petroleum-refining and ocean-transport industries to such a designation, along with any resulting economic impacts. EPA contracted with RTI International to provide a foundation for these recommendations through developing the knowledge, data, and modeling capabilities needed for such an analysis; assess technology alternatives for reducing sulfur emissions from ships; and estimate the impact a SECA designation would have on the petroleum-refining and ocean transport industries. The analytical team comprising RTI, EnSys Energy & Systems, and Navigistics Consulting has assessed current and future conditions in global fuels market to provide this foundation.
"November 2008." "EPA420-R-08-021." "EPA Contract No. EP-C-05-040." Title from title screen (viewed Mar. 31 2009).