Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title A computer simulation model for analyzing mobile source air pollution control strategies /
CORP Author Mathtech, inc.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/5-76-010; EPA-68-01-2952
Stock Number PB-260 877
OCLC Number 02629442
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Computer simulation--Mathematical models ; Air--Pollution--Mathematical models ; Cost effectiveness--Mathematical models
Additional Subjects Air pollution abatement ; Mathematical models ; Urban planning ; Automobiles ; Transportation planning ; Travel ; Air pollution ; Strategy ; Benefit cost analysis ; District of Columbia ; MATHAIR computer program ; Stationary sources ; Mobile sources ; Los Angeles(California) ; New York(New York) ; Chicago(Illinois) ; Case studies
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-5-76-010 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/13/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-5-76-010 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/21/2013
EKBD  EPA-600/5-76-010 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 09/19/2003
NTIS  PB-260 877 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 180 pages : illustrations, tables ; 28 cm.
This report describes MATHAIR, a computer model that simulates the impacts of strategies for controlling mobile source air pollutants. Vehicle miles traveled (VMT) for different modes of ground transportation are predicted by a transportation module. Given VMT predictions, an inventory of stationary sources of mobile source pollutants and certain other inputs for the urban area, pollutant emissions are calculated using EPA-developed relations. A linear rollback air quality module then predicts ambient pollutant concentrations. Finally strategy costs and benefits due to damage reduction are calculated. A set of experiments were performed for four selected urban regions using MATHAIR. MATHAIR casts all strategy costs (including the imputed social cost of trips foregone or induced by a strategy) and all benefits in dollar terms so that strategies can be compared in terms of their total impact. A baseline, zero control strategy and four strategies of increasing stringency are defined and simulated over a ten-year horizon. One general conclusion suggested by the results of the test is that it is economically inefficient to impose the same program of controls in different urban regions. Another conclusion is that the control strategies are very sensitive to certain input data.
"September 1976." "Prepared by Mathtech, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey." "68-01-2952." "Project Officer John Jaksch, Criteria and Assessment Branch." Includes bibliographical references (pages 70-72).