Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Arming the Confederacy How Virginia's Minerals Forged the Rebel War Machine / [electronic resource] :
Author Whisonant, Robert C.
Publisher Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer,
Year Published 2015
Call Number ########
ISBN 9783319145082
Subjects Science (General). ; Geology. ; Mines and mineral resources. ; History. ; Humanities. ; Regional planning.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Collation XV, 206 p. 52 illus. online resource.
Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only
Contents Notes
Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Minerals and Warfare -- Terrain and a Tale of Two Nations -- The Land They Fought For -- Niter and Gunpowder -- Bullets, Firearms, and Colonel Chiswell's Mines -- The Lead Mines Under Attack -- The Saltville Salt Works -- Two Battles and a Massacre -- Iron, Civilizations, and War -- Virginia's Iron Industry in the Civil War -- Coal, Confederate Mines, and the CSS Virginia -- Confederate Railroads -- Union Raiders in the New River Valley -- Epilogue -- Bibliography -- Index. This is a fresh look at the American Civil War from the standpoint of the natural resources necessary to keep the armies in the field. This story of the links between minerals, topography, and the war in western Virginia now comes to light in a way that enhances our understanding of America's greatest trial. Five mineral products - niter, lead, salt, iron, and coal - were absolutely essential to wage war in the 1860s. For the armies of the South, those resources were concentrated in the remote Appalachian highlands of southwestern Virginia. From the beginning of the war, the Union knew that the key to victory was the destruction or occupation of the mines, furnaces, and forges located there, as well as the railroad that moved the resources to where they were desperately needed. To achieve this, Federal forces repeatedly advanced into the treacherous mountainous terrain to fight some of the most savage battles of the War.