Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Costs of radium removal from potable water supplies /
Author Singley, J. Edward. ; Beaudet, B. A. ; Bolch, W. E. ; Palmer., J. F.
CORP Author Florida Univ., Gainesville. Dept. of Environmental Engineering Sciences. ;Water and Air Research Inc., Gainesville, Fla.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio. Water Supply Research Div.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/2-77-073; EPA-R-803864-01
Stock Number PB-266 950
OCLC Number 09484233
Subjects Drinking water--Contamination ; Water--Purification ; Radioactive pollution of water
Additional Subjects Radium ; Water treatment ; Radioactive contaminants ; Water pollution control ; Potable water ; Ion exchanging ; Reverse osmosis ; Lime-soda ash process ; Water softening ; Cost analysis ; Concentration(Composition) ; Trace elements ; Sludge disposal ; Design criteria ; Brines ; Water quality ; Solid waste disposal
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-2-77-073 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/31/2016
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-77-073 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-2-77-073 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 12/30/1999
ERAD  EPA 600/2-77-073 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/17/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-073 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-266 950 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xii, 139 pages ; 27 cm.
This report presents the results of an analysis of existing data from various sources on the removal of radium from potable water supplies by lime-soda softening, ion exchange, and reverse osmosis treatment methods. Removal efficiency models are used to estimate the capital and annual operating and maintenance costs for each water treatment process over a wide range of raw water quality, raw water radium, and population conditions. The radiological consequences of common methods of waste sludge and brine disposal are discussed and waste volumes and activity levels of radium in waste streams are estimated. The costs of ultimate disposal of the waste streams produced by each process are estimated over the same raw water quality and population ranges used to determine treatment costs. This report is intended as a guide for planners and water utility personnel in areas where the radium activity of potable water sources exceeds the limits set by EPA Drinking Water Regulations.