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Main Title A methodology for determining the effects of fuels and additives on atmospheric visibility /
Author Kocmond, W. C. ; Yang, J. Y. ; Davis., J. A.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kocmond, W. C.
Yang, J. Y.
Davis, J. A.
Conner, William D.
CORP Author Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y.;National Environmental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Chemistry and Physics Lab.
Publisher Chemistry and Physics Laboratory, National Environmental Research Center,
Year Published 1975
Report Number EPA 650/2-75/068; CALSPAN-NA-5300-M-1; EPA-68-02-0698; EPA-ROAP-26AAE
Stock Number PB 244 597; PB-245 597
OCLC Number 52516638
Subjects Air--Pollution--Mathematical models ; Fuel--Environmental aspects ; Fuels--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Haze ; Visibility ; Air pollution ; Automotive fuels ; Fuel additives ; Atmospheric attenuation ; Smog ; Exhaust emissions ; Earth atmosphere ; Light transmission ; Humidity ; Sulfur dioxide ; Catalysts ; Automobile engines ; Hydrocarbons ; Nitrogen oxides ; Sulfur ; Tests ; Particles ; Atmospheric transmissivity ; Particulates
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 650-2-75-068 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/14/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 650-2-75-068 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 11/15/2021
ERAD  EPA 650/2-75-068 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 03/18/2013
NTIS  PB-245 597 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation v, 49 leaves : illustrations ; 28 cm
A methodology for determining the effects of fuels and additives on atmospheric visibility has been developed using the smog chamber approach. The methodology involves measuring visibility in a 590 cu m smog chamber after first introducing auto exhaust at a 300:1 detection ratio adding 0.05 ppm SO2 and irradiating the sample for 23 hours. Three 5.7 liter 1972 Chevrolets and one 1973 catalyst-equipped 6.55 liter Ford Galaxie were used in the study. The effects on test results of exhaust dilution ratio, relative humidity, added SO2, primary particulates, evaporative emissions and irradiation time are discussed. The tests show that using commercial grade indolene fuel, the effects on visibility of the additives F-310 and CI-2 are small compared to the effects brought about by variations in engine performance. The presence of primary particulates play an important role in the initial and final visibility noted in the smog chamber. The final visibilities noted in the smog chamber were found to be closely correlated with the initial HC/NO ratio. The correlation for the commercial grade indolene is so good that final visibilities can be predicted from the initial measurement of HC and NO in the chamber. For the fuels and additives tested at a given HC/NO ratio, the sulfur content of the fuel appeared to have the most important effect on visibility.
"EPA-650/2-75-068." "Carlspan Corporation." "EPA contract no. 68-02-0698; ROAP no. 26AAE; program element no. 1A1002." EPA project officer: William D. Conner. "June 1975." "Prepared for Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency." PB 245 597--National Technical Information Service. Includes bibliographical references.