Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Alterations in Bacterial Defense Mechanisms of the Lung Induced by Inhalation of Cadmium.
Author Gardner, D. E. ; Miller, F. J. ; Illing, J. W. ; Kirtz., J. M. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C. Clinical Studies Div.
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA/600/J-77/089;
Stock Number PB-278 592
Additional Subjects Cadmium ; Immunity ; Lung ; Respiratory diseases ; Infectious diseases ; Toxicity ; Phagocytes ; Leukocytes ; Bacteria ; Streptococcus ; Metals ; Rats ; Mice ; Laboratory animals ; Immunology ; Toxicology ; Concentration(Composition) ; Air pollution ; Reprints ; Macrophages ; Air pollution effects(Animals)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-278 592 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 20p
Exposure to an aerosol of CdC12 has a marked proclivity to reduce the ability of the lung to defend itself against microbial insults. A significant enhancement of mortality was observed in mice exposed to CdC12 concentrations ranging from 80 to 1600 micrograms/cu m prior to being challenged with viable streptococci. The increase in percent mortality above control varied from 15% at the lowest CdC12 concentration to approximately 70% at the highest concentration. In order to determine the various mechanistic factors which may explain the observed effect of reduced host resistance to infection, a variety of pulmonary defense systems was studied. There was a significant decrease in the total number of alveolar macrophages recoverable from rat lungs immediately after completion of the exposure regimen. The number of macrophages returned to normal (about 5.5 million) within 24 hours after cessation of the exposure. However, total polymorphonuclear leucocytes increased 1.5 million immediately after completion of the exposure, and 13 million within 24 hours after cessation of the exposure. Lymphocyte numbers were not affected by these exposure levels. Data concerning clearance of streptococci from the lung following CdCl2 exposure closely correlated with the observed mortality pattern.