Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Assessment of industrial hazardous waste practices : storage and primary batteries industries /
Author McCandless, L. C. ; Wetzel, R. ; Casana, J. ; Slimak., K. ;
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
McCandless, L. C.
CORP Author Versar, Inc., Springfield, Va.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Solid Waste Management.
Publisher Versar : Available from the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1975
Report Number EPA 530/SW-102c; EPA/SW-102c; 449; EPA-68-01-2276
Stock Number PB-241 204
OCLC Number 06492512
Subjects Hazardous substances--Waste disposal ; Battery industry--Waste disposal ; Factory and trade waste
Additional Subjects Industrial wastes ; Hazardous materials ; Solid waste disposal ; Earthfills ; Storage batteries ; Primary batteries ; Assessments ; Metals ; Mercury(Metal) ; Cadmium ; Zinc ; Lead(Metal) ; Sludge disposal ; Lead acid batteries ; Nickel cadmium batteries ; Dry cells ; Forecasting ; Cost analysis ; SIC 3691 ; SIC 3692 ; Electric battery industry ; Heavy metals ; Lead silver cells ; Silver zinc cells ; Land disposal
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 530-SW-102c Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 530-SW-102c Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-241 204 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 253 pages in various pagings ; 28 cm
This report, which covers battery manufacturing operations, is one of a series of several studies which examine land-destined wastes from selected industries. The battery industry is divided into two groups by the Bureau of Census: Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 3691 Storage Batteries (such as lead-acid automobile batteries) and SIC 3692 Primary Batteries (such as carbon-zinc flashlight batteries). The battery industry was studied because heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium, zinc, and lead are used in some of its manufacturing processes. These metals can be toxic in certain concentrations and forms. The potentially hazardous wastes destined for land disposal from the battery industry consist of industrial processing wastes, reject cells, and sludges from water pollution control devices. The amount of sludges destined for land disposal is expected to experience a large short term increase as water effluent guidlines are implemented. The impact of water effluent guidelines on land disposal of wastes is the largest single factor in determining future trends for this industry.
NTIS PB90 241-204.