Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Evaluation of Alternatives for the Ultimate Disposal of Krypton-85: Task 1 - Compilation of Alternatives.
Author Thamer, B. J. ; Mihlfeith, C. M. ; Macbeth, P. J. ;
CORP Author Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah, Inc., Salt Lake City.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-68-01-5001;
Stock Number PB82-113028
Additional Subjects Krypton 85 ; Storage ; Safety ; Cost comparison ; Cylinders ; Radioactive wastes ; Radiation hazards ; Radioactive waste disposal ; Marine disposal ; Underground disposal
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB82-113028 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 214p
Task 1 reviews the literature on the immobilization and storage of krypton-85. In all, seventeen methods are reviewed including steel cylinders at 500 and 2000 psi zeolites, ion implantation/sputtering krypton loaded solid set in a matrix, etc. A bibliography is provided for each technique. Task 2 compares twenty immobilization/storage techniques in terms of technical feasibility, safety, relative cost, and 'other factors' which include retrievability, sociopolitical considerations, and transportational aspects. Two promising storage techniques (ion implantation and subatmospheric storage in tanks), along with the reference cases of 500 psi and 2000 psi storage in steel cylinders are considered with respect to ultimate disposal techniques in Task 3. The ultimate disposal techniques considered are storage in a building, storage in a dry well, storage in deep geological media and ocean disposal. Specific designs are described in terms of achievability, environmental hazards, and comparative costs whenever possible.