||Isoprene Emissions and Photosynthesis in Three Ferns: The Influence of Light and Temperature (Journal Version).
Tingey, D. T. ;
Evans, R. C. ;
Bates, E. H. ;
Gumpertz, M. L. ;
||Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR. ;Northrop Services, Inc., Corvallis, OR.
Light(Visible radiation) ;
Plant physiology ;
Terpene compounds ;
Statistical data ;
Dicksonia antarctica ;
Thelypteris decursive-pinnata ;
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A study was designed to determine the rates of isoprene emission and photosynthesis in three fern species and the independent influence of light and temperature on these processes. The plants were conditioned in a growth chamber and then transferred to a controlled environment chamber. Samples of the chamber atmosphere were collected; isoprene was concentrated and measured by gas chromatography. Only small amounts of isoprene were detected around the ferns in the dark. Isoprene emissions increased with increasing levels of photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in all three species. Maximum isoprene emissions occurred between 35 and 39 C which is a lower temperature maximum than reported for angiosperms and gymnosperms. The increased emissions with temperature were primarily associated with increased biosynthetic rates for isoprene. Carbon lost through isoprene accounted for 0.02 to 2.6% of the carbon fixed during photosynthesis, depending on the PPFD level, temperature and fern species.