Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 17 OF 44
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Evaluation of an ESCA (electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis) / leachate analytical scheme to characterize process stream wastes : final report /|
|Author||Myatt, Barbara M.|
|CORP Author||GCA Corp., Bedford, MA. GCA Technology Div.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Report Number||EPA/600/2-84/156; GCA-TR-83-92-G; EPA-68-02-3129|
|Subjects||Hazardous wastes--Incineration--United States. ; Leaching.|
|Additional Subjects||Hazardous materials ; Incinerators ; Solid waste disposal ; Chemical analysis ; Leaching ; Sampling ; Electron spectroscopy ; Trace elements ; Metals ; Quality assurance ; Particles ; Sludge disposal ; Fly ash ; Oxidation ; ESCA(Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis) ; Inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy ; Ion chromatography|
|Collation||138 pages ; 28 cm|
The report gives results of an evaluation of the ability of an ESCA/leachate analytical scheme to characterize solid waste from combustion processes and hazardous waste incinerators. Samples were analyzed for surface elemental composition by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) before and after aqueous leaching. Selected elements were subjected to oxidation state studies by ESCA, and leachates were analyzed for anions by ion chromatography and for trace metals by inductively coupled plasma spectrometry. The results of ESCA before and after leaching compared favorably with leachate data. Although aqueous leaching did not significantly affect the metal species present in the samples used in this study, it did extract considerable amounts of water-soluble ions: sodium, calcium, chloride, and sulfate. Essentially all samples showed an increase in oxygen after leaching that was attributed to hydration by the aqueous extraction medium. ESCA can successfully speciate chromium, lead, and zinc when these elements are sufficiently abundant in the sample. The technique is limited, however, by its ability to detect only those elements present at > 0.1 to 1.0% atomic. Most process wastes contain very low concentrations of metals, thereby minimizing the suitability of ESCA for process waste characterization.
Caption title. "Final Report." "Oct. 1984." "EPA-600/2-84-156." "Contract No. 68-02-3129." "Technical Directive No. 119." Microfiche.