Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Survey of operating and financial characteristics of community water systems /
CORP Author Temple, Barker, & Sloane, inc.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water Supply ; Reproduced by National Technical Information Service, U.S. Dept. of Commerce,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA 570/9-77-003; EPA-68-01-4163
Stock Number PB-267 996
OCLC Number 04350260
ISBN pbk. :
Subjects Water-supply--United States--Finance
Additional Subjects Economic analysis ; Water supply ; Water distribution ; Surveys ; Potable water ; Distribution systems ; Sites ; Ground water ; Surface waters ; Financing ; Interest ; Taxes ; Revenue ; Industries ; Residential buildings ; Populations ; Operating costs ; Tables(Data) ; Capitalized costs ; Water systems ; Water rates
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 570/9-77-003 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/13/2013
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 570-9-77-003 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 570/9-77-003 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/04/2012
ESAD  EPA 570-9-77-003 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-267 996 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 169 p. in various pagings : graphs, map ; 28 cm.
The report provides background material on financial and operating characteristics of community water systems prior to implementation of primary drinking water regulations. The study is based upon a survey of almost 1000 community water systems serving from 25 to over 1 million year round residents. Stratified sampling was made by system size on the basis of location, ownership, and primary water source. Results are presented in terms of average and median values by size category, ownership, and water source. General patterns indicate economies of scale. Majority (two-thirds) of capital expenditures are financed through external sources, most by debt. Although there are more systems using ground water rather than surface water as their primary source, a higher portion of the total water produced is from surface sources. Disinfection is the only treatment commonly used by systems of all sizes.
"EPA 570/9-77-003." "PB 267996." Includes bibliographical references.