Part 1. Exploring the origins of indian treaties -- Introductory notes -- The treaty -- The foundations of treaty making -- The invention of Euro-American and Indian treaty making -- Treaties and American law -- Part 2. Usufructuary litigation -- The treaties of 1836 and 1855 -- United States v. Michigan / by Bruce R. Greene -- United States v. Michigan / by Marc Slonim -- The treaties of St. Peters (1837) and La Pointe -- Lac Courte Oreilles band v. Wisconsin / by Kathryn L. Tierney -- Milles Lacs band of Chippewa Indians et al. v. State of Minnesota et al. / by Marc Slonim -- The Menominee and the coming of Europeans -- Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin v. Thompson / by Bruce R. Greene -- Part 3. Reservation issues -- The boundary of the Keweenaw Bay Reservation -- Keweenaw Bay Indian Community v. Michigan / by Bruce R. Greene -- Factionalism and removal : the Stockbridge and Munsee, 1830-56 -- State of Wisconsin v. Stockbridge-Munsee Community and Robert Chicks / by Brian Pierson -- The ethnohistory of the Mille Lacs Reservation boundary -- County of Mille Lacs v. Melanie Benjamin et al. / by Marc Slonim -- The treaties of Detroit, August 2, 1855, and Saginaw, October 18, 1864 -- Allotment and land loss on the Keweenaw Bay reservation -- Keweenaw Bay Indian Community v. Naftaly / by Skip Durocher -- Part 4. Conclusions -- The benefits of reestablished treaties. During the last quarter of the twentieth century, the native people of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota made numerous complaints that their long-standing treaty agreements with the United States were being totally ignored by their state and local governments. Faith in Paper explores the epic clashes in the federal courts that led, in most cases, not only to the reaffirmation of historic treaty agreements but also to newfound tribal sovereignty. This fascinating story is told through historical narratives describing many of these treaty agreements, the conditions of their negotiations, the different understandings of their content, and their effects on Native people, making Faith in Paper the first comprehensive analysis of treaty making between the United States and indigenous American Indian tribes and providing context in the fields of history, anthropology, and the law. -- Organized around eight of the region's most important treaty lawsuits, the book features detailed descriptions and explanations by each case's lead attorney, some of the best legal minds in their field. These lawsuits include cases on fishery and hunting rights (United States v. Michigan; Lac Courte Oreilles v. Wisconsin [Voigt]; Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin v. Thompson; and Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians v. Minnesota); reservation boundaries (Keweenaw Bay Indian Community v. Michigan; Wisconsin v. Stockbridge Munsee Community and Robert Chicks; and County of Mille Lacs v. Melanie Benjamin et al.); and property tax (Keweenaw Bay Indian Community v. Naftaly). Faith in Paper is both an invaluable contribution to the scholarship of American Indian law and a rich resource for Native people themselves as they strive to retain or regain rights that have eroded over the years. --Book Jacket.